Black Bloc: Occupy the Black Bloc!

photo by Adam

Editor’s Note: This Tuesday, Feb. 21st, come to the basement at St. Francis at 7PM for a community discussion on the black bloc and the future of Occupy Portland tactics

Had enough of discussions about Black Bloc? No? Good! Because we’re running a three-day series on Black Bloc tactics. Click the Black Bloc Series tag to read the other articles, delving into the controversy currently sparking throughout the Occupy movement and beyond.

This article was originally published at Deepecomedy.

by Arlo Stone

The black bloc quandary is upon us.


Hedges ignited a shit storm!

In true anarchist fashion (green anarchy/anarcho-primitivism, thanks. Really.) Let me first identify my terms and premises. (That’s how you spot an anarchist by the way. Arguing over terms and words. Not all who wear black are anarchists, but all who spend more than an hour splitting hairs between anarcho-syndicalism & anarcho-communism are. Anarchists can’t even begin to argue about anything unless we have two hours before the argument starts to argue about what all the symbolic words do or don’t mean. Forget bandannas, look for arguments if you want to spot an anarchist.)

1) “BlackBloc”; any autonomous cell of one or more PEOPLE for whom property destruction is on the table as a potentiality, given the right circumstances. I am well aware the term actually refers to a set of articulated “strategies”; for readability “black bloc” is used below as a catch-all for the people using the tactics rather then the tactics themselves.

2) BlackBloc cannot be purged from Occupy. This is a fact. Black bloc members ARE the 99%. And Occupy. Just the most radical edge of it. Everywhere. Tat Tvasm Asi . You could no more prevent black bloc from coming together under the Occupy banner than you could people with red hair. And you’d have a lot more success with the latter. Black bloc cells of anarchists targeting the 1% have been active world-wide for hundreds of years. Occupy is 5 months old.

The reason Occupy is the gathering du jour these days for black bloc cells is because WHEREVER there are people gathered in sufficient numbers to provide a general degree of anonymity not normally possible, black bloc will ferret out that opportunity to come together. Sporting event celebrations, marches, rallies, accidents, natural disasters, power outages, spectacles of all types have always been incubation opportunities for black bloc to form and destroy property; right now Occupy is a black bloc hotbed because it has both the large numbers to provide necessary cover AND a pool of potential participants consistently angry enough with social and/or economic injustice to swell the numbers organically in any black bloc gathering given the right circumstances. Occupy is now big enough and frequent enough to make it a lightning rod for the black bloc both now and in the foreseeable future. Just as occupiers found each other in municipal camps and grew in power and organizational ability, black bloc is using the exact same system to grow their numbers every time there’s an Occupy march or event of consequence.

In equal parts, to the delight of black bloc and the chagrin of Occupy, both groups must learn to co-exist in a reciprocal relationship of mutual benefit if this uneasy “arranged marriage” can be sustained to the benefit of occupy instead of aiding in its destruction.

Thus, my starting points are simple. “Black bloc” or “bb” refers to “people willing to destroy property and fight cops” and I submit that is unremovable from greater occupy in the near future. If you think that marginalizing the black bloc from all occupy marches until they go away is even possible, then you disagree with the second premise above and don’t need to continue reading. Alienation and ostracizing the black bloc from Occupy will simply lessen Occupy’s influence there, which is exactly what Occupy needs more of, not less. If Occupy tries to purge the black bloc from Occupy ranks, the response from black bloc will be no respect whatsoever for Occupy goals, (since they will have displayed no respect or tolerance for black bloc goals) unfocused property destruction will increase and MSM will continue to fracture occupy’s public image via the small but highly damaging unfocused rage of the now “expunged” (but still around) black bloc.

Don’t do it, young Occupy, only five short months old. Resist the urge to purge. You will not only lose your fight to remain relevant and swell your ranks, you will lose the group MOST willing to incidentally work for Occupy’s benefit in the very ways you wouldn’t personally have the stomach for.

Don’t do it. With regards to the black bloc, Occupy’s motto should be: “Don’t exorcise, organize!”

How to Occupy the Black Bloc

Obligatory disclaimer: I am 43 years old. I have kids. My bb days are long finished. Just an occupy citizen-journalist comedian now, an anarchist pundit. With a little “a”. So fuck off, pigs.

In my experience, there are two basic stations of people usually comprising a black bloc event. The “Lord of the Flies” and the “Weathermen.” “Lord of the Flies” black bloc are generally adolescent or post-adolescent youth with insufficiently developed moral ego structures to find fault with indiscriminate vandalism while “Weatherman” black bloc are usually a bit older, intelligent, community and globally oriented and almost always motivated by values and morality; people who have calculated that specific property damage and engaging in confrontations with police directly in specific situations helps stress the current system, urging collapse of inequality ever sooner. Animal liberation, destruction of machinery, sabotage of 1% buildings and symbols done anonymously… weathermen, alf, elf, ef… all black bloc cells. Can you tell me “Anonymous” doesn’t fit the description of a black bloc cell? Anonymous destroys what their victims consider “personal property” (although many anonymous don’t believe it’s “personal” at all) but takes great care to limit exclusively their direct action to perps and 1%ers, all while masking their identity. That sounds like the kind of high integrity and pointed attack that distinguishes a “Weathermen” black bloc from a “LOF” black bloc to me…


Anarcho-whatevers (including me) will wax theory and bicker for weeks for weeks about what to do post political/social/economic/patriarchal/imperialist unjust system of empire, but it only takes three seconds for us all to agree on what’s next. – TAKE IT DOWN! – NOW!

The phrase “diversity of tactics” can be bandied about freely in proper context when referring to “Weatherman” black bloc of all types and camps. “Tactic” by definition presupposes a further end, a common goal currently missing. Absent an identifiable victory by which the tactic is meant to help bring about, tactics are simply behaviors. Indiscriminately smashing windows is a behavior insofar as Occupy is concerned; one being exhibited by an enemy to Occupy at that! Crimes of selfishness against the 99% are precisely what we’re fighting against, not “strategizing” for. Diversity of tactics in right context is a nod to the needed discretion and autonomy of the “Weatherman” black block type who, while perhaps wild in tactic, remains unswervingly committed to only targeting the 1%.

This “Weatherman” black bloc archetype, MUST be recognized by Occupy, publicly or privately, but authoritatively regardless. This individual is sufficiently developed morally to target only 1% structures and symbols and thus worth the support and solidarity of Occupy, even if unspoken by necessity. (See ILWU Bosses vs. ILWU rank & file for template) Perhaps even more critically for Occupy, the “Weatherman” black bloc quite possibly might be the only conduit to the hearts, minds and behaviors of the “Lord of the Flies” black bloc to which Occupy is, for the moment, not only maligned by but inexorably linked.

You know, the ones running roughshod all over “Occupy Island.”

Grabbing the Conch Shell

Penetrating the adolescent psyche is a guerrilla exercise in that it cannot be attempted head on, as any parent trying to boss their teenager around can confirm in spades. No authority will resonate with sufficient power a message of behavior modification; this is why black bloc “Weathermen” are needed. From Paul Shepard…

“The perverted adolescent has great inner pressure for senseless destruction. His moral absolution is based on felt — “gut” — reactions and the simplistic reduction of complex issues. Repetition, exaggeration, and the slogans are taken as validation of assertions, and reasonable arguments are rejection as diversion. All imperfect institutions are condemned by him to destruction and conservatives are persecuted. Revolutionary political activity is the paranoid’s haven, where one’s delusion are acted out and accepted by others as reality…
What is necessary, then, is drastic ecological revampment of our situation and a revival of the lineaments of tribal society. In defiance of mass culture, tribalism constantly resurfaces. Canadian professor Marshal McLuhan’s new “tribal man” –immersed in the group, linked by instant media instead of dead print, attuned to ecological rather than static forms–cannot be obliterated . He keeps erupting through the literary, linear, segmented culture like a wild plant that heals the inured soil. But the medium is not enough by itself. The gang or commune operating outside society cannot create from this air myths embodying real wisdom. No one can live on empty function. There must also be a content, passionately believed in, that relates man to nature, entering all human experience.”

These kids are falling all over themselves seeking proper narrative and mentor attachments, mostly unbeknown to themselves on a conscious level. Horizontally (peer/mentor level) perceived “Weatherman” black bloc are uniquely positioned to hold onto the conch shell over on Lord Of The Flies Island by supplying a hero’s journey so relentlessly demanded of their ontogeny.

You will never get bb to put the rock down, but you can show them where the bank is.

Occupy needs to bring the following tools to the table if it wish to avoid certain derailment via the Lord of the Flies wing of the black bloc: Strategery, resources and narrative.

Imagine if the mayhem on Oak street in Oakland on January 28th with the black bloc at the frontlines, chunks of cement and debris falling at the riot cops’ feet, was instead an advance group comprised of young girls with flowers, no cement to be found anywhere. (That’s how we stack it up in Portland. We’ve welled up many a pig’s eye with it too.) Black bloc non-existant, no where to be found, until the police advance on the “flower corps.” Black bloc suddenly emerges from behind or to the side, hurling cement chunks in a heroic (albeit largely symbolic) effort to engage the cops and divert them away from the march. Cops then scatter the now heroic black bloc, who’s escape and regrouping can then be aided by Occupy.

Better, Hedges?

Whenever Occupy march, trusted “Weathermen” black bloc should be given 1% locations and symbols along the route in advance, de-arrest responsibilities for internal media, anti-kettling planning, scouting opportunities, diversionary “marches” and “faux occupations” ANYTHING that moves unfocused rage into congruence with Occupy principles. Walkie-talkies, pads, shields… all of these resources and more should be made available to the black bloc. By incorporating heroic narratives and INCLUDING (who doesn’t feel proprietarily about an endeavor once asked for help and advice about how to execute it?) black bloc rather then marginalizing it, Occupy can begin learning how to delicately dance with the radical energy of the black bloc and tether it to a productive end.

It is time to occupy the black bloc as we have occupied everything else in our path to date. With creativity, effective methodology, resolve and persistence.

We don’t avoid or duck our problems, we OCCUPY them until our problems become our strengths!

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  13 comments for “Black Bloc: Occupy the Black Bloc!

  1. Ben
    February 18, 2012 at 4:28 PM

    Best black bloc article yet!

  2. GoddessFourWinds
    February 18, 2012 at 5:33 PM

    No. This is a PEACEFUL movement. Acts of aggression against police put protesters at risk for acts of aggression against them. You know…the UNARMED protesters? You wish to pit riot cops against the marchers while you battle it out on some other street corner? Is that what you think will happen? Black Bloc will just magically defeat the cops and POOF! it will be over? Cops are not just on one street. This isn’t about escalating already tense relations between Occupiers and City Officials. We are trying to avoid Martial Law. We are trying to avoid unnecessary arrests. Civil Disobedience? Sure. Those are easily dealt with, at the protesters’ wishes. What you’re talking about could easily bring about bloodshed. This is not about “us” vs “cops.” This about the 99% vs the 1%…and I think you have forgotten that.

    • phoboskitty
      February 19, 2012 at 4:36 PM

      you forget that the police do not need an excuse to crack down on peaceful protestors, they use police provocatures all the time, this is a common tactic with ALL police forces across the globe and its hardly a new tactic, the BB are NOT responsible for violent attacks on peaceful protestors, when the cops decide its time for a protest to end they will use any tactic they can get away with. if you have even talked to a BB member before in your life you will realize than none of them think “poof”, in countries with more brutal police forces they are often necessary as a buffer between the police and peaceful protestors. the cops are part of the 99% this is true but they are in the service of the 1% and do everything in their power to further the goals of the 1%, the Police in NYC for instance were under the direct control of the banks via millions in funding to the NYPD police association. also for the most part riot training is an optional course taken in most police services, and in only a few circumstances they police do not even have to do riot control, and when they do they are most often getting double and tripple time pay. they are essentially hired thugs. and while in uniform on the protest line they are NOT part of the 99% they are there to crack your skull if given half the chance, if you have been to many protests of late or to occupy encampments you will understand this. and you really need to recognize that NO movement is peaceful, you may be but the cops certainly are not. try watching the police at a G20 beating up a on legged 65 year old man ripping off his leg and yelling at him to stand up, with not a black bloc member in sight, tell me how this is the fault of the Black bloc? its not, when a cop beats you down its the COPS that are responisble its the COPS that need to change their behavior, not the Occupy movment not the Black block.

  3. John Springer
    February 18, 2012 at 6:06 PM

    Terrific article Arlo! Well done.
    Never thought I’d learn a Hindu phrase in Sanskrit in the Occupier. 🙂

  4. Kirk Oakes
    February 19, 2012 at 1:43 AM

    Oppression takes Many Forms

    No single person speaks for Occupy Wall Street, and anyone who has participated knows that it takes a general assembly to turn a group in a particular direction. What I am about to say is spoken only from the space that I Occupy personally.

    I would like to present the following ideas to any and all groups, for discussion. This piece is specifically about the methodology we use during Occupy Wall Street actions and what I believe our response should be proactively, and reactively, to the tactics of Black Bloc when they are infiltrated within our street actions.

    The tactic of destructive obstructionism is not a new one. It has been around since the Boston Tea Party. One of the primary differences between then and now is that the perpetrators of those actions were also actively involved in the physical confrontations that followed.

    I am not going to denigrate any of the tactics listed here, for they all have their place and time. What I’m disillusioned with is what I perceive to be a relatively small group of people in disagreement with the Occupy Wall Street message, who would catalyze incidents that lead to overt violence, injury and ultimately death, and then leave the scene. Their sole stated purpose is to nullify the effectiveness of the actions we are taking and the message we are trying to convey.

    One of the realities we must face is that if some group is intent upon impeding, by whatever means necessary, the progress we are intent on making, and that progress is social evolution; they will stop you. Your alternatives are to accept that result or respond in a fashion consistent with your beliefs and message.

    There is a story about a corner man at a prizefight, whose boxer is getting pummeled mercilessly. Between rounds, as he’s pushing his boxer back out to the center of the ring he’s heard to say, “Don’t worry champ, they can’t hurt us.” This is so very true for the guy who’s not in the ring taking the blows.

    In the grandest tradition of Occupy, Chris Hedges has epitomized the kind of things we can accomplish by catalyzing conversation on this topic. Is the occupy movement one of violent and aggressive revolution or is it a movement for peaceful social change? The differences between those two positions are striking and diametrically opposed. Just because each method could achieve the desired goal does not validate violent methodology superseding the Occupy philosophy.

    Never, for a moment, believe that assertive violence, property destruction (including property belonging to the 99%) or vandalism represents the 99%’s best interest in this endeavor. We have a responsibility, when we step out on the street under that banner, to be true to the concepts espoused from the very beginning. Evolution of the movement is essential, the devolution of the structure that makes us a society is not and never has been a part of the plan.

    Have you seen West Side Story??? That is how Black Bloc should run an action… the big rumble scene as a template. The Jets vs. the Sharks, the sharks in riot gear and the Jets in black hoodies. Black Bloc, in their own words, has stated that their actions are designed to cause material damage and that Black Bloc Activists Are NOT Protesters or participants in Occupy Wall Street actions.

    I believe we are a non-violent movement, as we must be when facing a better armed and morally unteathered opponent in an arena more suited to violence than a softball game. We will NOT ‘handle’ the police. We will win them over by persuasion or we will cease to confront them in the streets because of their limited understanding of the ‘master’ they serve and our own attrition.

    If we don’t have representative committees speaking to the police departments in various cities on a regular basis, we are conceding control of every situation to the better armed. This metamorphosis will only be realized with words and overt, peaceful actions. Where force is necessary, and there will be times when it is, that force will not be against the Biggest Dragon in the Valley (the police) but should always be focused on those who drew us to the streets in the first place; the 1%.

    I earned my street cred on the streets and my diplomas hang on my body as scars. Those marks speak to field studies. In the late ‘60s, when I was a young teen protestor, I almost certainly would have been a participant in Black Bloc actions, of a sort. I would like to think I have learned a few things since then.

    It is for all the reasons listed above, and many I’ve yet to share, that I will state my most controversial suggestions and the real point of this piece. I believe that if we don’t strike a middle ground with Black Bloc, which does not include violence at our events, then we should look at Black Bloc participation as a greater threat than the target our eyes have been intentionally drawn to; the police standing station.

    Since I see Black Bloc as a threat to achieving our clearly stated goals, I’m going to suggest some ways that we can deal with that threat in the least aggressive way possible. There are three players on this field, Occupy Wall Street, Black Bloc and those who believe they have come to maintain the peace. We must make our intentions known clearly to all three parties prior to any action.

    Here are my suggestions:

    All Occupy Wall Street participants must take responsibility for everything that occurs at an event. Having peace monitors at a march is limited in its effectiveness because when you are trying to curtail violence one-on-one, you will almost certainly be drawn into the violence.

    The first proactive step we need to take is to put Black Bloc on notice that: “If you fail to exhibit appropriate actions at any OWS event you will be seen as an overt threat to that event and you will be contained and turned over to the proper authorities”. Have no doubt that I know what screams of ‘sacrilege’ will echo from the heavens, one protester turning another over to the police. With fair warning, if you show up at our events with the sole intention of disrupting them and catalyzing violence you are not a protester, by your own words.

    There needs to be a secondary process, one of containment and restraint. Below I will list what I have seen work in the past, although I will give you it’s been 40+ years ago. This goes hand-in-hand with peace monitors, but they will carry a restraint pole. This “occupy wall”, of bamboo preferably, is just a pole. 20 of them becomes an enclosure while 50 of them becomes a stockade. Non-violent restraint and containment, with prior arrangements for an actual hand-off, can win the field. Restraint poles, set side-by-side and buffered by a crowd behind it can contain violent actors at our events without overt violence. **

    We would need to have identifiers like armbands, labels or banners for those monitors. We would need to clearly define, before any action, that those poles are not weapons and that if we are to stand, we must stand against the greater threat. It’s a two-way street and at some point we need to be more comfortable with the concept of working with the police if we expect them to ultimately work with us. We mist begin to build those bridges NOW.

    Let the message be, “we are responsible and we are reasonable”. This tactic, you will advertise far and wide. The tactic of catalyzing confrontation at an OWS event will never be tolerated. ‘You will not bloc without a fair and democratic return block’.

    This is one of many ways we can face the issue at hand. Occupy Wall Street, to be effective, must be willing to evolve. That process may take us to places we hadn’t anticipated. We are up to that task.

    **And as an aide to visualization, picture 20 OWS people holding “peace poles” at waist level. Each pole 10 feet long, each person standing 5 feet from the next, with street participants filling the gaps. What you have, in an instant, is a fence, buttressed by “the people”, that will not be breeched.

    That is how you excise a cancer from the body, isolation and removal.

  5. john gardner
    February 19, 2012 at 10:44 AM

    This black bloc/anarchy thing (I respectfully didn’t use the evil words movement or organization) is really raising some sand. I was mistakenly under the impression that occupy was about as far left as you could go. Now I hear a voice coming from somewhere out in the wilderness near the unibomber’s shack , a beautiful voice that resonates with, and echos a primal voice within my own language-impeded brain. Like the cluelessness that I felt when I first heard about Occupy Wall Street, I felt clueless about the black bloc/anarchy thing. So I did a google search and got Anarchy Radio and John Zarzan (change the first Z to T and you get Tarzan-that’s bad, I shouldn’t have written that.) I drove my Jehovah’s Witness mother and father-in-law, who are Occupying my living room because they can’t afford their own house, crazy listening to a couple anarchy radio shows. Although the ideas were different, the format seemed kinda
    Rush Limbaughish. Like Rush railing against anything that wasn’t as far right as himself, Zarzan railed against anything to the right of himself. From his hi-tech, state-of-the-art studio in Eugene, he, like everyone else, exposed the imperfections of Occupy, although MOST of his ideas were similar to Occupy. He took issue with Occupy’s solidarity with organized labor. He said Occupy was excluding people with more aggressive ideas. In response to his finding Occupy lacking I quote Wayne and Garth, “We’re not worthy.” He spun a few great songs from the latest Lenard Cohen cd. After listening to his show, I wondered if he left the radio station and hopped into a sports car and sped off to a house in the foothills overlooking Eugene? Or did he hop on a bike and ride through the rain to a secret anarchist lair outside city limits?

    I feel threatened by the police state, the planes spraying climate control chemicals in the sky, the corporations privitizing my world, the chemicals leaching from my drinking water filter, the illuminati, the plastic islands in my oceans, infiltrators trying to co-opt Occupy. I get paranoid at the sight of white vans pulling up near my house. I feel evil every time I drive my truck. Now, after learning about anarchism, my vegan diet is in question because after the anarchists bring down civilization, we’ll all be hunter-gatherers and eat meat. I was going to start an organic vegetable garden in my back yard this spring, but now I’ve learned that agriculture is evil. I’m not sure about anything anymore. Ignorance is definitely bliss. But, in spite of it all, I’ll be attending the F29 Occupy demonstrations in Portland. Maybe I’ll have an opportunity to rub shoulders with some real anarchists. I’m sure there’s gonna be some there because they kinda follow Occupy around in spite of fact they are quite superior. Maybe I’ll get to see some black bloc tactics. Good times! Occupy Anarchy! Occupy black bloc!

  6. beentheredonethat
    February 19, 2012 at 11:28 AM

    A good article with the important LOTF/WM distinction. However, the US and, consequently, Occupy aren’t at a place for either tactic.

    That is the important distinction that so many lefties have missed since at least the Russian Revolution. The US is not Russia, Cuba, Vietnam, China or Greece. Like all countries, our economy, culture, population, history and politics are unique. The context and conditions we work in are ours alone. And, because we are multicultural and multiracial, and we were founded on genocide and slavery, we must be especially careful in our analyses, strategies and tactics.

    In my experience–and I am 65 and have been active since the civil rights movement–black bloc behavior has been counterproductive–not that I am ruling it out, but it has a lot of bad history to deal with and overcome.

    • rothstei
      February 19, 2012 at 3:14 PM

      I think it’s odd that people think the US is unique. As if “they” may act a certain way “over there”, but the US is somehow a place where such things “aren’t done”. Sure, every place has a context, but why is it that we in the US are supposed to take a totally different tactic than those in the rest of the world? Do we not both suffer violence at the hands of the police and property owners? What makes the US so “exceptional”?

  7. Bill Powell
    February 19, 2012 at 12:08 PM

    Y’know Arlo, I hear you… and I don’t know if I can disagree with everything you write here on the positive aspects of Anarchism – but I do disagree with some of your philosophy of protests. I’ve been doing this for the few months that OccupyPortland has been functioning so I’m new here and I’ve brought a few friends and relatives that believe in and are new to this movement. And I hear the support from a lot of my 99%er friends who are all for our protests – BUT – I also hear that most of the folk that support Occupy and will/might eventually attend protests are completely turned off with the vandalism and property destruction which they see as akin to a bunch of rowdy, drunk teenagers out tearing up people’s property just because they see that they can get away with it. That’s their perception of your contribution. It doesn’t feel to me and others that it’s time to tear up stuff. If something or someone is doing all they can to get this movement destroyed from within, it seems like it’s the anarchists and the provocateurs getting public sentiment moved to a more neutral position on the movement. When the time is there for property destruction, I believe that the Occupy folks will see it. We really can’t afford to lose public sentiment right now so I personally would appreciate Black Bloc sitting it out for awhile. My opinion here.

  8. bill
    February 19, 2012 at 2:42 PM


    I can’t believe that you even posted this. It is the worst idea that I’ve ever read. Occupy is a peaceful protest. PERIOD! To imply anything else is a lie and you are deceiving your readers. This type of behavior is not only rash and immature it is promoting violence and suggesting to escalate an already exploited situation. This is not about picking sides it is about bringing to light the crimes being committed against the American people by certain corporations our government and the widespread corruption that is also plaguing every facet of our government and the need to do something to stop it before it is too late. (just my humble opinion)

    • rothstei
      February 19, 2012 at 3:06 PM

      You’re right, it is only your opinion. There are others in this movement that disagree with you. Your condescending remarks towards others opinions are one thing, but the fact that you would suggest they ought to be censored is actually quite alarming. You don’t define this movement anymore than any other individual, so perhaps you ought to allow others the chance to voice their opinions.

  9. February 20, 2012 at 5:29 AM

    Yes, I have always found “Weatherman” black blocs motivated by morality, especially when they use molotov cocktails made from recycled bottles.

  10. terrnc
    February 20, 2012 at 9:45 PM

    Suppose everyone just holds some curiosity about this. We are dealing with a very organized and financially adroit System, which has many levels of sophisticated subterfuge and deception.
    Diverse tactics are needed, both overt and covert. While the Occupy movement is primarily non-violent, at certain times that may need to be re-evaluated. Humans have not been at this precise turning point before, it has to be constantly assessed and re-assessed. It is a dynamic time. Somewhere I read the phrase, “Act with Heart'”. What that looks like with advanced surveillance and continued deceptive acts from the old patriarchal order remains to be seen. Be curious I say…

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